What Niacinamide can do for your skin

What Niacinamide can do for your skin
What is Niacinamide?
Niacinamide, also called nicotinamide, is a form of vitamin B-3, an essential nutrient. Scientists theorize that niacin (and therefore niacinamide/nicotinamide) may be effective because it’s a precursor to two super-important biochemical cofactors: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+/NADH) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+). Both of these molecules are central to the chemical reactions that your cells—including skin cells—need to repair damage, propagate, and function normally. Many of these essential reactions can’t occur at all without NAD+, which your cells can’t make without niacinamide.

The reasoning is that giving your body the precursor (Niacinamide), it allows your body to make more NAD+, protecting your skin from free radicals and repairing damage caused by free radicals.

If you would like to learn more about free radicals and how they damage your skin, you can read more about that here.

The Benefits
1. Protects skin cells.
Niacinamide is a powerful antioxidant that reduces the impact of environmental damage.
2. Suitable for all skin types
You can use multiple niacinamide-containing products in your routine, and it will still be non-sensitizing as this ingenious B vitamin is well tolerated by all skin types. It’s even suitable for use by those with sensitive or rosacea-prone skin.
3. Minimises the appearance of pores.
It visibly minimizes enlarged pores and tighten lax pores. Niacinamide has a normalizing ability on the pore lining, this influence plays a role in keeping debris from getting backed up, which leads to clogs and rough, bumpy skin. As the clog forms and worsens, the pores stretch to compensate, and what you will see is enlarged pores. By helping things get back to normal, niacinamide use helps pores return to their normal size.
4. Improve uneven skin tone and dullness. As time goes by and with the constant exposure to free radicals and glycation, the skin can appear dull and sallow with a sad loss of radiance. Niacinamide goes one step further and reverses the visible signs.
5. Fades dark spots.
Niacinamide has been shown to prevent the transfer of pigment within the skin, which can help reduce brown spots.
6. Soften fine lines and wrinkles. Niacinamide boosts collagen production. Along with improving the skin’s lipid barrier comes an increase in cell differentiation which contributes to better synthesis and formation of collagen and elastin.
7. Strengthens the skins’ natural barrier.
It helps renew and restore the surface of skin against moisture loss and dehydration by helping skin improve its natural production of skin-strengthening ceramides. When ceramides become depleted over time, skin is left vulnerable to all sorts of problems, from persistent patches of dry, flaky skin to increasingly becoming extra-sensitive. This study found that a twice-daily application of niacinamide reduced water loss, lowered inflammation and increased the thickness of the stratum corneum. 
8. Repairs damage to the skin. Niacinamide helps restore cellular energy, repair damaged DNA, and reduce the immunosuppressive effects of sun-induced UV rays. This study showed that niacinamide aids in DNA repair after UV exposure 
9. Lessen redness and irritation. This study found that 5% significantly improved red, blotchy skin after 12 weeks. 
10. Clears Acne. In an eight-week study, in which acne patients were treated with a 4% niacinamide gel, 82% were considered improved and there were no side effects.
11. Regulates oil production. This study found that just 2% can lower sebum production as well as the rate of sebum excretion. Niacinamide targets the root cause of oily skin by reducing how much sebum your skin makes, and slowing down its release. It can take two to four weeks of consistent use before you'll notice these changes.

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