Free radicals and antioxidants

Free radicals and Antioxidants

Free radicals and the Science
Free radicals (also called reactive oxygen species as they usually contain oxygen) are molecules with unpaired electrons. They rob other cells of electrons causing damage.
These free radicals can cause damage at cellular level and are implicated in the development and onset of skin conditions, especially pre-mature ageing.

Once free radicals are formed, a chain reaction can occur, the first free radical pulls an electron from a molecule, which destabalises the molecule and turns it into a free radical. That molecule then takes an electron from another molecule, destabilizing it and turning it into a free radical. This domino effect can eventually disrupt and damage the whole cell. Oxidative stress occurs when there are too many free radicals and too much cellular damage. Picture free radicals as Pac-man eating away at the youthful look of your face. Each one is stealing your glow, adding pigment to your face and breaking down your elasticity causing premature ageing.

Free radicals and the Sun
Sun exposure causes free radicals to form in your body. This occurs when sunlight and the oxygen in your body mix, almost like when the combination of sunlight and water cause a car to rust or make an apple turn brown (this is called oxidation). This is like the biological rust in your body causing ageing and illnesses like cancer. Eighty percent of free-radical formation is from UV radiation.

Free radicals and Pollution
Even if you avoid the sun and wear your sunscreen religiously you are still exposing your skin to other factors that can cause free radicals. Pollutants – like smog, cigarette smoke, metal ions, radiation and even chemicals in your household cleaners, generate free radicals that exist in the atmosphere alongside the polluted air. These free radicals are on the hunt for other electrons to reach a more stable state, so they snatch them from other atoms—like the ones in human cells. This kind of damage is often referred to as Environmental damage.

Free radicals and Smoking
Many of the components of tobacco smoke are oxidants – the agents that promote chemical reactions with oxygen causing free radicals.

Free radicals and Diet
The body creates free radicals through the normal processes of metabolism. When the amount of free radicals exceeds the body’s ability to eliminate or neutralize them, an oxidative imbalance results. Our food and drink choices can affect the production of free radicals in our bodies. Some of the worst offenders for triggering free radicals are cooked or processed meats, deep fried food, anything high in saturated fat and alcohol.

Free radicals and Antioxidants
Antioxidants are molecules in cells that prevent free radicals from taking electrons and causing damage. Antioxidants are able to give an electron to a free radical without becoming destabilised themselves, thus stopping the free radical chain reaction.
Although it is important to ingest antioxidants daily, topical antioxidants are also important as they are like putting a wall between your face and all of those external free radicals.
It slows your ageing progression significantly and help to reduce inflammation, firm the skin, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and significantly reduce the negative effects of sun exposure.

  • Benefits of Antioxidants for your skin
    • They help correct signs of age. Oxidative stress breaks down collagen, hindering the skin’s natural repair process and triggers inflammation which in turn causes fine lines, wrinkles, loose skin, acne breakouts and a blotchy skin tone . By scavenging free radicals, antioxidants can help prevent and correct these visible signs and give skin a more youthful glow.
    • Antioxidants help prevent sunburn. By definition, all antioxidants have anti-inflammatory properties which blunts your skin’s inflammatory response to the sun’s harmful rays.
    • Antioxidants help skin repair itself. By reducing inflammation, antioxidants allow skin to repair itself and correct visible damage.
    • Antioxidants help brighten skin tone. Free radicals and frequent sun exposure can also trigger changes in our skin’s melanin production, causing dark spots and uneven skin tone. By reducing photodamage, antioxidants can help prevent abnormal skin pigmentations.
    • Antioxidants help prevent skin cancer. Some antioxidants, such as vitamins A, C and E, have anti-carcinogenic properties and may help prevent skin cancer.

 The best antioxidants for your skin
1. itamin C – one of the most studied antioxidants available. Vitamin C also has other benefits such as boosting collagen production and fading dark spots. Try Sknlogic C15 Booster
2. Vitamin E - Aside from being a powerful antioxidant, vitamin E is widely recognized for its ability to accelerate the skin’s healing process. It often goes along with Vitamin C. Try Protect SPF 40 with Vitamin C & E.
3. Vitamin A – Most often found in the form of Retinol and Retinyl Palmitate, it is a powerful antioxidant for fighting environmental aggressors that cause premature skin aging. Try Sknlogic Night Plus with Vitamin A, C & E.
4. Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) - A well-functioning epidermis is essential to protect us from free radicals. The more our epidermal lipid barrier is stabilized, the more it can fully absorb the vitamins and nutrients from our skin care products and achieve optimal results. However, as we age, our skin’s ability to heal and retain moisture weakens, leaving us prone to wrinkles, fine lines, hyperpigmentation, and dullness. Niacinamide is a powerful antioxidant that improves the skin’s texture and tone. It reduces fine lines, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation and reduces inflammation. Try Sknlogic B10 Booster. 
5. Polyphenols - Great news: That one glass of wine at happy hour and your secret stash of chocolate can help save your skin, all thanks to polyphenol. This plant-based vitamin, which can be found in vegetables, green tea, fruits and chocolates, contains chemo preventive properties that possess anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antioxidant properties to prevent UV-induced skin photodamage.
6. Flavonoids - An antioxidant found in green and black teas, have the potential to treat rosacea, reduce inflammation and oxidative stress.
7. Fruit and Vegetables – One of the reasons why we use fruit extracts in so many of our products is because of their antioxidant properties. You can find antioxidants in almost every fruit and vegetable. The vegetables that contain more antioxidants are the green-leaved, coloured or spicy ones. Vegetables that are more effective in tackling free radicals are dark green-leaved and – mostly – spicy vegetables that contain large amounts of sulfur (for example garlic and onion). Bright coloured vegetables including red and yellow peppers, red cabbage, dark orange carrots, yellow squash, bright red tomatoes, and beets, are also high in antioxidants. The best fruits to fight free radicals are the ones that are more sour or yellow, red and bluish-black coloured when ripe: oranges, apricots, grapefruit, tangerines, blackberries, blueberries, black grapes, black plums, strawberries, cherries, yellow-fleshed peaches, pineapple, kiwi, persimmons.

Free radicals and Antioxidants vitamin c   Free radicals and Antioxidants protectspf40
 Free radicals and Antioxidants night plus  Free radicals and Antioxidants b10 booster
 polyphenols  Free radicals and Antioxidants flavonoids

 

Last modified on Monday, 08 March 2021 20:48

Take your online Skin Consultation here

Contact Us

Email: info@sknlogic.com

Phone: +27 21 552 6999

Our Address

Unit 13 Kestrel Park, Longclaw Drive

Milnerton, Cape Town, 7441

Social Media